Having your vehicle stuck on the road or not starting up is a lousy experience. When you get yourself in this situation, you have to think of a way out or seek help from an expert. The first thing that comes in your mind when the car fails to start is a dead battery, bad spark plugs, or no Injectors Pulse. However, another cause for this fault is low fuel pressure coming from the fuel tank to the engine.
The fuel tank should be at a certain level for the car to run in a stable condition. When the fuel pump is in bad condition it might prevent the engine from running up. In this guide, we will learn more about this problem and how to solve it. We shall also check on how to check fuel pressure without gauge and how to check the fuel pump.
Symptoms for Low Fuel Pump Pressure
Before we learn how to check the fuel pressure and let us first have some fuel injection understanding. The fuel system’s main purpose is the delivery of fuel from the fuel tank to the fuel injectors. The fuel is then injected in the combustion chamber and for the process of combustion.
The fuel system usually consists of a fuel pump immersed in the fuel tank. The pump sucks the fuel and rails it through the fuel filter to get rid of any particles and impurities. The fuel then travels from the fuel tank located in the car’s backside to the fuel injection and makes it ready to be injected inside the engine.
One question that you may have is why we need pressure in this process. Appropriate fuel pressure is vital for engine performance and operation since it directly affects the engine’s horsepower. There are several symptoms of low fuel pump pressure. Some of them are:
Engine Power Loss: If the fuel pump is too weak, it cannot stand the engine’s high demand. This is especially in high load situations such as sudden acceleration, climbing a hill when the car needs all its power.
Difficult When Starting: For a car to start properly, the fuel pump needs to deliver the engine’s gas. When there is low pressure in the fuel pump, the pressure that the pump produce cannot make the fuel reach the injectors for a complete combustion rectangle. Therefore, the engine will REV but never starts.
Engine Pops At High Speeds: In this case, you notice that the engine sputters and gets back to normal when driving on high speeds or for long. This happens when the fuel pump fails to supply a constant stream of fuel at a proper pressure for a long period.
Steps on How to check Fuel Pressure without a Gauge
When you note any of the above symptoms, you need to check your fuel pump immediately. Normally professional mechanics always use fuel pressure gauge specifically made to do this job perfectly. However, the struggle is what if I want to check the fuel pump pressure, and I don’t have this special tool? No need to worry. Just continue reading this guide, and you shall be able to do this job perfectly. You will also be able to self-diagnose the problem without using any special tools.
Step 1: The most basic and easiest test is hearing the fuel pump buzz when you try to start your car. If you turn the key from OFF position to ON and fail to hear the pump buzz, this may be a sign that you need to do a replacement.
Step 2: What if I hear the fuel pump buzz, but I also have problems with the engine’s performance and stalling? In this case, you need to check the pump itself. Locate the fuel pump under the backseat of the car and remove it. You will see a plastic cap that covers the fuel pump. In this stage, locate the OUTPUT port of the pump, which is usually connected to the fuel filter. Disconnect the hose coming from the pump to the filter and block the passage of the hose tightly with your finger. You can then start the car. If you feel that the fuel is pushing your finger hard, it means you have good pressure. If not, then you require replacing the pump.
Step 3: The problem may not be in the fuel pump itself. You may be required to replace the fuel filter. When the fuel filter is full of particles and impurities, it blocks the fuel passage, leading to low-pressure problems.
Step 4: Try to check the fuel pipelines that came out from the fuel pump and take fuel to the engine. These pipes are made from fuel line materials, specially designed for this purpose. These pipes pass underneath the car. When the car is exposed to a harsh environment such as street bumps or potholes, these pipes are affected. To return it back to its normal state, you will require tools such as fuel line flaring tool and Fuel Line benders.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q. How Do You Check Fuel Pressure With a Gauge?
Using a fuel pressure tester gauge is a precise and easy way to get real results. Every car has a fuel pressure testing point, usually located near the car hood’s fuel injectors. Start by disconnecting the hose or pipe that came to the injector’s rail. Connect the pressure gauge in this pipe with the specific port to ensure there is no pressure leakage.
Have a helper to start up and rev up the car as you check the gauge values. Check the values specs from the shop manual of the car. Check what is the pressure when on idle speed or at load and compare it with prescribed values. If you have a problem accessing a sophisticated fuel pressure gauge, you can check fuel pressure with a tire gauge.
Q. What Should The Fuel Pressure Be?
Every engine is designed to have different fuel pressure. This is specified from the engine displacement, horsepower, and torque to be delivered. All these parameters require a certain pressure at different situations of operation. For instance, the Toyota rav4 fuel pressure test shows that the pressure should range from 44-50 psi. In general, most vehicles’ fuel pressure range is between 40 – 80 psi.
Q. What Are The Symptoms of a Bad Fuel Pressure Regulator?
A fuel pressure regulator is responsible for regulating pressure that comes from the fuel pump to the engine. Try to ensure that it as stable as possible at all times. If the regulator goes bad for some reason, there are some common signs that indicate it needs replacement. One of these signs is your car produces black smoke. This means that the car is burning too much fuel than it should. This is the first sign of a bad fuel regulator.
Q. What Should Fuel Pressure Be At Idle?
Fuel pressure always varies depending on the load of the engine. The more the engine load is the higher the fuel consumption, thus reducing fuel pressure when on the idle state. Fuel pressure varies from car to another, but it always around 40 psi.
Fuel pressure is one of the most important factors in controlling the performance and operation of your car. You should, therefore, take enough care of it by performing periodic maintenance. You also need to change the fuel filter in the pre-specified intervals that manufacturers recommend. It is crucial to know that measuring fuel pump pressure may be a risky process because it involves fuel, which is highly flammable. Always be careful when dealing with fuel. When you note any bad fuel pump symptoms, it is advisable to get expert advice before performing any unnecessary repairs.