An engine is the most important part of the vehicle. You should always make sure that the engine is in good condition. Engine maintenance is one thing you should never compromise. Some common engine problems can cause severe damage if you do not take action immediately.
It is quite challenging to diagnose the fault of your engine. If you notice any signs that something is wrong with the engine, you need to check it. Some problems are not so serious, but if they are not checked at the right time could cause expensive repairs. Here, we shall study some of the most common engine problems and failures.
How Does the Engine Work?
An engine is a complex part of a vehicle that most people do not understand how it works. As a vehicle owner, it is important to have a basic idea about how it works. With this knowledge, it will be easy for you to know when there is a problem with an engine part and how to deal with it.
The vehicle engine converts gas into energy that moves the car. The engine is comprised of different components which work together to ensure the vehicle is moving smoothly. Without the engine, your car will be useless.
Common Engine Problems and How to fix them
Knowing how the engine works, it is important to know some of the issues you may face in your driving experience. Here are some common engine failures that most car owners face and how to diagnose engine problems:
1. The Engine Will Not Start
This is one of the worst car engine problems that vehicle owners face. There are various reasons as to why a vehicle can fail to start.
One of the most common reasons is a battery-related problem. It could be that the battery is discharged or dead and need to jump-start. In case it is a problem with the battery, you will hear some clicking sound.
Another reason would be the vehicle is having a problem with the starter. The starter gets the engine moving, and therefore if it has a problem, it will not start. It could also be due to a clogged fuel filter. The combustion process will not initiate if there is a problem with the fuel pump or the fuel filter is obstructed.
A vehicle will fail to start due to a broken ignition switch, battery cables, or failure in the catalytic converter. If the problem is the battery, get a jumper cable and try jump-starting the vehicle. If it is for another reason, then you need to visit a mechanic.
2. Worn Spark Plugs
This problem is most common in older vehicles. Although spark plugs are small, they are quite important for the effective performance of the engine. These engine parts are what make the vehicle move. Their work is to ignite the compressed gas within the engine.
A dirty or worn-out spark plug will create a weak spark or no spark at all. This causes engine misfire, stalling, hard starting, or Engine Start but won’t Stay Running. Always take some time to regularly check and ensure that the spark plugs are in good condition. You should also learn How to Tell if a Spark Plug is Bad.
3. Clogged Radiator
Dirty coolant one thing that can create annoying engine problems. The function of the coolant is to maintain the engine at the right temperature for it to work properly. When the coolant is dirty, it reduces the efficiency of the radiator to cool the engine.
This eventually causes the engine to overheat, which damages other engine components. As a result, the engine will be too hot, and that is not a good sign. It is always advisable not to use tap water as the coolant since it can cause corrosion within the radiator.
4. Engine Coolant Loss
Engine coolant level reduces as a result of leakage. This is one of the most common causes of engine overheating. The best way to prevent this is to check the radiator, hoses, and other cooling system components for any signs of leaks.
Do a regular coolant check to ensure it is at its right level and in good condition. A healthy coolant is orange or green in color. Ensure that the coolant is clean and, if not, do a replacement. Keep in mind that overheating may lead to permanent engine damage.
5. Engine Overheating
Engine overheating is a problem that many car owners have come across. This would result from various things such as low coolant level, clogged hoses, a burnt-out radiator, or a blown head gasket loss.
Other causes of engine overheating are broken plugs or broken engine components. Overheating is a sign that should not be ignored. The excess temperature in the engine damages engine parts, which later leads to expensive replacements or repairs.
6. Bad Engine Noise
The unusual sound coming from the engine bay is a sign that there is something wrong with your car’s engine. If you happen to hear vibrations or knocking sounds from the engine, the vehicle needs an urgent checkup.
The engine knocking sound is caused by bad timing, lean fuel, and air mixture, bad knock sensor, worn bearings, or worn out belt tensioners. A mechanic will tell you which of these is causing the irritating noises and advice you accordingly.
7. Timing Chain Failure
The timing chain is an important part of the engine, and its failure can affect its performance. For your engine to work effectively, the timing chain has to rotate smoothly around the gears. If there is a problem with the timing chain, there will be some clear signs.
A problem on the timing chain will cause the engine to produce a rattling sound while running, misfire or run poorly. It will also lead to a lack of power and hesitation. Lastly, there will be metal shavings in the engine oil. If you see these engine problems symptoms, take the necessary steps at once.
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8. Faulty Sensors
A faulty sensor can cause severe engine problems. The engine in your car has various sensors, and they all perform different tasks. One of the most important sensors in your car is the oxygen sensor.
It measures the amount of unburnt oxygen in the exhaust gases. The car computer uses this data to adjust the air-fuel mixture. If there is an issue with this sensor, your car will receive incorrect information. This causes lower gas mileage or reduced engine power.
9. Car Not Accelerating Properly
If your car is not speeding up the way it used to, perhaps something is wrong with the engine. This problem is most common in high mileage vehicles. Some causes of poor acceleration are minor, and you can fix them easily when you discover them early.
Poor engine acceleration can result from malfunctioning or clogged mass airflow sensor, malfunctioning oxygen sensor, timing belt, or the fuel filter. The issue can also be caused by low clutch fluid, worn-out clutch pedal, or error in the ECU.
10. Smoke from the Engine
Blue or white smoke coming out of an exhaust pipe is a bad sign. If you see smoke coming out of your car, go to an auto repair shop immediately to fix it. Now, what can cause the smoke from the car exhaust? Well, there are various reasons why it happens.
One cause of blue smoke is high oil consumption. Other causes of blue smoke are worn valve guide seals, damaged piston rings, or poor crankcase ventilation. White smoke from the exhaust pipe is a sign of the engine burning coolant or a broken head gasket.
11. Engine Mounting Problems
What is an Engine mount? It is the part of the car that holds the engine in place. If not taken care of, a faulty engine mount can cause engine problems. The primary issue with the mount is rubber parts separating or oil coming out of the liquid-filled mount.
The most common symptom of a failed engine mount is a noticeable jolt or thump when accelerating or decelerating. In some cases, it causes unusual engine noises. You can learn more about these in-car engine problems and solutions in pdf.
12. Engine Head Gasket Failure
Head gasket failure is a major engine problem. Replacing failed head gasket failure can be costly and take a lot of time. It can be a little difficult to pinpoint the exact cause of this failure. Most of the time, it is a result of a faulty cooling system. The best solution is to look for professionals and have them fix it.
13. High Engine Oil Consumption
Excessive engine oil consumption is never a good thing, and you should take it seriously. So why does it happen? Oil consumption mainly depends on piston rings and valve guide seals.
Damaged piston rings or leaking valve guide seals cause high oil consumption. This happens because the engine sucks the oil into the cylinders. As a result, your engine will consume a lot of oil.
14. Lubrication Issues
Your vehicle needs oil to reduce friction between moving parts. Oil also removes heat. A regular oil change helps your car to function properly. Lack of proper lubrication causes the engine to overheat. That is something you definitely want to avoid since it could damage the engine components of the vehicle.
15. Engine Knocking
At some point, the engine in your car may produce a loud knocking sound. This engine knock is also known as “detonation,” “spark knock,” or pinging. This issue occurs if fuel fails to burn evenly in the cylinders.
This results in annoying noises coming from the engine. But why does it happen? One of the common reasons is using fuel that is low in quality or octane value. It can also happen if you have the wrong spark plugs in your engine.
16. Dirty Intake Manifold
An intake manifold does an important job for your car. It disperses the air and fuel mixture to each engine cylinder. The intake manifold acts as a chamber in which the air and fuel mix.
Carbon and dirt buildup inside the intake manifold will have a negative impact on engine efficiency. When this happens, it will burn more fuel than necessary. That’s why it is essential to clean it periodically.
Staling is when the engine stops suddenly, either while driving or coming to a stop. This is a common engine-related problem that should be taken seriously. A car stopping in the middle of a road with no warning is quite risky.
Various issues can cause this nuisance. Your engine might have a problem within fuel lines, a vacuum leak, or a faulty sensor. Bad spark plugs may also cause this problem. If this happens to your vehicle, have a professional check it immediately.
18. Piston and Piston Ring Problems
Piston and piston rings are some of the key engine components. Pistons produce the power needed to move a car. With damaged pistons or piston rings, the engine in your car will produce less power.
There are several symptoms that will let you know there is something wrong with the piston and piston rings. They range from blue smoke in the exhaust, engine misfire to loud rattling sounds. The oil filler cap and dipstick might pop off because of excessive crankcase pressure.
19. Oil Pump Problems
An oil pump provides enough oil for all engine parts. A malfunctioning oil pump causes oil starvation, which will lead to serious engine damage. Con Rod bearings and camshafts are the most vulnerable parts in this case.
A red ‘oil can’ warning light will pop up on your dashboard if there is a problem with the oil pump. If that happens, turn off the engine and have the vehicle checked and repaired.
20. Water in the Engine Oil
If the color of motor oil turns white, do not ignore it. It is a clear sign of mixing water with oil. Other possible causes are:
- Cracked engine head
- Faulty oil cooler
- Cracked engine block
You must track down the cause of this problem to have an experienced mechanic resolve the issue.
21. Dirty Engine Oil
In time, motor oil becomes dirty or diluted. This is not good for your engine. If this happens, the best solution is to change the oil. Running an engine with contaminated oil will reduce its service life. The oil may be contaminated due to:
- Poor fuel quality
- Clogged or damaged air filter
- Damaged engine oil filter
How to Diagnose and Treat Common Small Engine Problems On YouTube Video:
Above, we have discussed the most common engine problems that you need to worry about. The engine is the most crucial part of your car, and you have to take care of it. Having known the problems you might face from your engine, you can now learn how to fix engine problems. You can solve some less serious issues at home, but others need an experienced mechanic.